Ele foi escrito em Mugron dois anos aps a terceira Revoluo Francesa de e alguns meses antes de sua morte por turbeculose aos 49 anos. Em A Lei, Bastiat afirma que cada um de ns possui um direito natural que defende sua pessoa, liberdade e propriedade. O Estado a substituio da fora comum por foras individuais para defender este direito. A lei torna-se perversa quando pune o direito de auto-defesa em favor de outro direito, a pilhagem. Bastiat define dois tipos de pilhagem: "ambio estpida e falsa filantropia"1. Rio de Janeiro : Instituto Liberal,

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His father, Pierre Bastiat, was a prominent businessman in the town. The Bastiat estate in Mugron had been acquired during the French Revolution and had previously belonged to the Marquis of Poyanne. He was fostered by his paternal grandfather and his maiden aunt Justine Bastiat. He attended a school in Bayonne, but his aunt thought poorly of it and so enrolled him in the school Saint-Sever.

It was the same firm where his father had been a partner. This hope never came true as his grandfather was in poor health and wished to go to the Mugron estate. Bastiat accompanied him and cared for him. The next year when Bastiat was 24, his grandfather died, leaving him the family estate, thereby providing him with the means to further his theoretical inquiries. After the middle-class Revolution of , Bastiat became politically active and was elected justice of the peace of Mugron in and to the Council General county-level assembly of Landes in Bastiat was elected to the national legislative assembly after the French Revolution of Bastiat contracted tuberculosis , probably during his tours throughout France to promote his ideas and that illness eventually prevented him from making further speeches particularly at the legislative assembly to which he was elected in and and ended his life.

In The Law , he wrote: "Until the day of my death, I shall proclaim this principle with all the force of my lungs which alas! During the autumn of , he was sent to Italy by his doctors and he first traveled to Pisa, then to Rome.

On 24 December , Bastiat called those with him to approach his bed and murmured twice the words "the truth" before he died at the age of Economist Murray Rothbard wrote that "Bastiat was indeed a lucid and superb writer, whose brilliant and witty essays and fables to this day are remarkable and devastating demolitions of protectionism and of all forms of government subsidy and control. He was a truly scintillating advocate of an unrestricted free market ".

Bastiat wrote the work while living in England to advise the shapers of the French Republic on perils to avoid. Economic Sophisms was translated and adapted for an American readership in by the economist and historian of money Alexander del Mar , writing under the pseudonym Emile Walter.

It defines a just system of laws and then demonstrates how such law facilitates a free society. In The Law, Bastiat wrote that everyone has a right to protect "his person, his liberty, and his property". The state should be only a "substitution of a common force for individual forces" to defend this right. The resulting statism is "based on this triple hypothesis: the total inertness of mankind, the omnipotence of the law, and the infallibility of the legislator".

As a result of this, every time we object to a thing being done by government, the socialists conclude that we object to its being done at all. We disapprove of state education. Then the socialists say that we are opposed to any education. We object to a state religion. Then the socialists say that we want no religion at all.

We object to a state-enforced equality. Then they say that we are against equality. And so on, and so on.

It is as if the socialists were to accuse us of not wanting persons to eat because we do not want the state to raise grain. I do not dispute their right to invent social combinations, to advertise them, to advocate them, and to try them upon themselves, at their own expense and risk. But I do dispute their right to impose these plans upon us by law — by force — and to compel us to pay for them with our taxes.

See if the law benefits one citizen at the expense of another by doing what the citizen himself cannot do without committing a crime" in which he includes the tax support of "protective tariffs, subsidies, guaranteed profits, guaranteed jobs, relief and welfare schemes, public education, progressive taxation, free credit, and public works". According to Bastiat, legal plunder can be committed in "an infinite number of ways.

Thus we have an infinite number of plans for organizing it: tariffs, protection, benefits, subsidies, encouragements, progressive taxation, public schools, guaranteed jobs, guaranteed profits, minimum wages, a right to relief, a right to the tools of labor, free credit, and so on, and so on.

All these plans as a whole — with their common aim of legal plunder — constitute socialism". Bastiat also made the following humorous point: "If the natural tendencies of mankind are so bad that it is not safe to permit people to be free, how is it that the tendencies of these organizers are always good?

Do not the legislators and their appointed agents also belong to the human race? Or do they believe that they themselves are made of a finer clay than the rest of mankind?

This term was not coined until over sixty years after his death by Friedrich von Wieser in Debate with Pierre-Joseph Proudhon[ edit ] Bastiat also famously engaged in a debate between and with Pierre-Joseph Proudhon about the legitimacy of interest. You are a man for whom logic does not exist. You do not hear anything, you do not understand anything. You are without philosophy, without science, without humanity.

Your ability to reason, like your ability to pay attention and make comparisons is zero. Scientifically, Mr. Bastiat, you are a dead man".


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