Dotilar It has rendered almost obsolete our narrow streets designed for the horse and buggy. Life was artificial andtheatrical. Buildingswerecrowdedwith rococo details wl;lichhidstructurallinesandoftenpreventedtruth of ex-pression. It can evenbe manipulatedto show the shadesandshadowsat selected bg times of the day. Traditionsand Generally A cceptedTaste a. Theory of architecture george salvan pdf List of ebooks and manuels about Theory of architecture george salvan pdf.

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The present century has brought countless inventions and discoveries. Old standards of thought and living have been modified or abandoned. New activities have called for struc- tures to house them, and new materials and types of construction have made these build- ings possible.

The automobile has made necessary the garages, filling stations, and bus terminals. It has rendered almost obsolete our narrow streets designed for the horse and buggy. The airplane has brought about the develop- ment of airports, while new types of steamships with increased tonnage have given added importance to docks and warehouse.

The expansion of the railroads has created the magnificent passenger and freight terminals and has made possible our large in. The newspaper is also a powerful agency in the attempt to keep people inform- ed upon the current affairs of the nations, and libraries and museums offer unlimited facilities to those who would read and study. In the past, museums were designed to resemble palaces with little thought to the education and comfort of the public. The modern museum is designed to display the art of the past and the present in order that it may be studied and ap- plied to contemporary needs.

Simplicity of arrangement, satisfactory lighting, and ease of ci rculation are primary requirements. There is a universal interest in sports and entertain- ment, both by spectators and participants. As a result, we have theatres and dance halls, arenas, ballparks, golf and city clubs. The nature of trade, commerce, industry and agriculture determines to a large extent the occupations and standards of living within a particular coun- try. These factors influence the types of buildings erected and the materials used.

As nations modify their basic economic institutions through changes in manufacture, trans- portation, and communication, new modes of living come into existence, and new architec- ture must be developed to conform to these customs. We are interested, therefore, in the economic status of individuals as they constitute a nation, and not in their private finances.

We are also interested in economy in architecture. Buildings may be so designed that thete is economy of space, of movement, and of materials.

These factors control to a large extent the cost of an architectural project. During the present century the concentration of wealth in our cities has been responsible for our attitude toward certain types of architecture. Investments rule our lives, and the process of building must lend an attentive ear to the caprices of finance. We erect structures many stories in height, but mechanical devices render them obsolete in a few years and they must make way for those with later developments.

True economy in architecture is not using inte- rior materials but the omission of useless decoration and the inclusion of sensible planning.

Previous to this age of machinery, power and energy were supplied by the hands of man or the backs to animals. Production was relatively slow, and the hours of labor were long. Now electrical or steam power is furnished in almost unlimited quantities, releasing man from the machine and creating new economic and social problems. Man can now work less and pro- duce more.

The future promises shorter hours of labor and longer hours of leisure. This increase in lei- sure suggests a changed mode of living, It will promote the erection of those buildings which have to do with recreation. More time will be devoted to the reha- bilitation of the mind and body.

This possible change in our economic structure may thus, have a profound effect upon our social life and our architecture. Man has developed computers to solve in an instant what has been solved in the past for hours, days or even months.

New an. Thereby making the designs of our building more comfortable, and now comes skyscrapers that are built higher and higher. In the initial stages of the computers, man feeds information based from the clients needs, and a schematic sketch comes out of the computer.

This can then be fed back to form a massing or a perspective. It can even be manipulated to show the shades and shadows at selected different times of the day. In another proble! Other func- tions which it can do are showing the weak spots in a design for structural parts.

The computer can also store with its software all data on materials, specifications, management, schedulings and so many other information that can aid the designer to produce a better, faster and more accurate solutions to designs.

The white, two storey, stucco, suburban Dallas home, will be an electronic showcase, but with spiral staircase, hot tub, art gallery and style. A quick call to-or from-a computer ensures that her hot tub will be warm when she arrives or informs her when her teenaged children have got- ten home from school. Answering the door is obsolete. A camera shows who it is by sending a close-up view of newcomers to wherever Isaacson is in the house. Then she can open the door remotely.

Vi a video cameras she can scan shelftops and table sur- faces. It will take 13 computers, 14 telephones, 26 tv monitors, 8 miles 13 kml of wiring, several video casette recorders for this fut ure home. Isaacson has robots for pets, a sculpture of stereo and video components that seem to float in space, futuristic plant stands that are real- ly computer terminals, and a media " command center", that includes four 4 inch 60 em.

At futurehome, a master computer is in charge. It receives data from the rest of the house and sends out commands, dimming lights, changing thermostat setting, and switching tv channels and volumes. Using a text-to-speech converter, the computer can answer and make telephone calls. When someone- a housekeeper or tardy teenager, for instance pun- ches in their individualized codes to get into the front door, the computer can be cued to let Isaacson know, either where she is in the home or at work.

It can tell the condition of the house, not only can lights or favorite music be turned on as a person enters a room, a synthesized voice can welcome guests, remind a son to keep his feet off furniture or wake a husband in time for dinner. Heating and airconditioning are regul ated electronically, and the computer tracks tempera- tures in each room so that the new occupants can assess airflow throughout the house.

Once computerized, the entire house can be run from any one of 10 personal computers by pointing with. Or "scripts" can be written that coordinate activities for emergencies, normal household maintenance, even family tends to take care of intruders, a security script: If a security sen- sor detects a break-in, the computer could be programmed to flash all the lights, blast the stereos, wake up and tell the residents where the stranger is lurking, perhaps even inform the burglars that they are being filmed.

The Interior looks like the tv series Star Trek. Instead of a wall-sized painting, an elec- tronic sculpture welcome visitors.

THe black components of an audio ahd video systems are set into a glosSy, black metal wall on shelves not visible to viewers. Recessed lighting along the wall edges adds to the effect.



Kazrarn It will benoticedthat the diagonals passthroughimportant parts inthe composition. Realizing this fast growing changes inArchitecturalDesign as seen in the forms,shapes and imageswhichrespondtoproject needs,theMinistry ofEducation incooperation with the United Architects Philippines met sometime in to revise the Architectural Curriculum to a 5-year step ladder course,andcameup with a more relevantsyllabus for The Theory of ArchitecturalDesign. Desire for Response- This arises from the gregarious nature of man, from his wish for love,friendship,andsociability. Colored tiles are also conspicuous in the architecture in the mediterranean coun-tries. Architectural Design Architectural Design Documents. Circulationsare studiedaccordingto functions,suchast hekitchenforfoodpreparation, bedroom for sleepandbathroom for cleanliness.



Shaktigore Thedrivingrainsand coldwinds archiyectural these porches a de. Desire for Self-Expression-This is the urge of man to as,serthimself as an individual. Sincebeams transmittheirloads nori-zontallyacrossspacetotheirvertical supports,itsdepth,thereforeisthe criticaldimension. Theory of architecture george salvan pdf List of ebooks and manuels about Theory of architecture george salvan pdf. The modern museum is designedto display the art of the past and the present in order that fesign may be studied and ap-pliedto contemporary needs.

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