Goddess Shakti emerged, separating from Shiva and helped Brahma in the creation of the universe. Brahma decided to give Shakti back to Shiva. Therefore, his son Daksha performed several yagnas to obtain Shakti as his daughter in the form of Sati. It was then decided that Sati was brought into this world with the motive of marrying Shiva. However, Sati got attracted to Shiva and finally one day Shiva and Sati were married. Daksha performed a yagna with a desire to take revenge on Lord Shiva.
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Translated by P. Sati devi was one of them. Daksha gave his daughter Sati in marriage to Lord Shiva , During the conduct of a fire sacrifice, when Daksha entered the arena, every one except Lord Shiva stood up to respect him.
So when he conducted a yaga again, he did not invite his daughter Sati and his son in law Lord Shiva. Sati felt sad because of this and went to the Yaga against the wishes of Lord Shiva. She was badly insulted by her father Daksha and jumped in to the sacrificial fire. Shiva hearing this rushed to the place but could not save Parvathi. He cut off the head of Daksha and took the body of Sati in his hand and started dancing furiously.
To bring down his anger, Lord Vishnu cut the body of Sati in to 18 pieces and these pieces fell down in different places of India. These places are called Shakthi Peethas. Some people are of the opinion that there are 51 Shakthi Peethas and yet others of the opinion that there are Shakthi Peethas.
This stotra written by Adhi Shankara names the places of Shakthi Peethas and the name of the Goddess in temples there. The 18 main Shakti Peethas are  : Part of the body fallen Place.
Ashta Dasa Shakthi Peetha Stotram