It is from these four that all other knowledge, wealth and human prosperity is derived. In the absence of governance, the strong will swallow the weak. In the presence of governance, the weak resists the strong. Those who are unrighteous, should not work in civil and criminal courts.
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After dethroning the Nandas, he installs Chandragupta as the new king. It is not mentioned in Dipavamsa , the oldest of these chronicles. Vamsatthappakasini also known as Mahvamsa Tika , a commentary on Mahavamsa provides some more details about the legend. Its author is unknown, and it is dated variously from 6th century CE to 13th century CE.
The most well-known version of the Jain legend is contained in the Sthaviravali-Charita or Parishishta-Parvan, written by the 12th century writer Hemachandra. These legends are contained in the commentaries churnis and tikas on canonical texts such as Uttaradhyayana and Avashyaka Niryukti. Both are based on a now-lost Prakrit-language Brihatkatha-Sarit-Sagara, which itself is based on the now-lost Paishachi language Brihatkatha by Gunadhya.
Its date is uncertain, but it anachronistically mentions the Hunas , who invaded northern India during the Gupta period. Therefore, it could not have been composed before the Gupta era. Therefore, most of it appears to be pure fiction, without any historical basis.
He was well-versed in three Vedas and politics. He had canine teeth, which were believed to be a mark of royalty.
His mother feared that he would neglect her after becoming a king. One day, the king Dhana Nanda organized an alms-giving ceremony for Brahmins.
Chanakya went to Pupphapura Pushpapura to attend this ceremony. Disgusted by his ugly appearance, the king ordered him to be thrown out of the assembly. Chanakya then broke his sacred thread in anger, and cursed the king. With help of a signet ring given by the prince, Chanakya fled the palace through a secret door.
There, he made million gold coins kahapana s using a secret technique that allowed him to turn 1 coin into 8 coins.
After hiding this money, he started searching for a person worthy of replacing Dhana Nanda. The "robbers" were brought before Chandragupta, who ordered their limbs to be cut off, but then miraculously re-attached them. Chandragupta had been born in a royal family, but was brought up by a hunter after his father was killed by an usurper, and the devatas caused his mother to abandon him.
Astonished by his miraculous powers, Chanakya paid gold coins to his foster-father, and took him away promising to teach him a trade. He gave each of them an amulet to be worn around the neck with a woolen thread. One day, he decided to test them. Pabbata failed to accomplish this task.
Some time later, when Pabbata was sleeping, Chanakya challenged Chandragupta to complete the same task. For the next 7 years, Chanakya trained Chandragupta for royal duties.
When Chandragupta became an adult, Chanakya dug up his hidden treasure of gold coins, and assembled an army. While wandering in disguise, the two men once listened to the conversation between a woman and her son. The child had eaten the middle of a cake, and thrown away the edges. The woman scolded him, saying that he was eating food like Chandragupta, who attacked the central part of the kingdom instead of conquering the border villages first.
Chanakya and Chandragupta realized their mistake. They assembled a new army, and started conquering the border villages. Chanakya ordered a fisherman to find the place where Dhana Nanda had hidden his treasure.
As soon as the fishermen informed Chanakya about its location, Chanakya had him killed. Chandragupta, who was not aware of this, once shared the food with his pregnant queen, who was seven days away from delivery. Chanakya arrived just as the queen ate the poisoned morsel. Realizing that she was going to die, Chanakya decided to save the unborn child.
Over the next seven days, he placed the foetus in the belly of a goat freshly killed each day. So, he got Chandragupta to imprison Subandhu, whose son Tekicchakani escaped and became a Buddhist monk.
According to him, Chanakya destroyed the nobles and kings of 16 towns and made Bindusara the master of all the territory between the eastern and the western seas Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. His birthplace was the Chanaka village in Golla vishaya region. According to the monks, this was a sign that he would become a king in the future.
The monks then prophesied that the baby would go on to become a power behind the throne. Her relatives mocked her for being married to a poor man. This motivated Chanakya to visit Pataliputra , and seek donations from the king Nanda, who was famous for his generosity towards Brahmins.
A dasi servant girl courteously offered Chanakya the next seat, but Chanakya kept his kamandal water pot on it, while remaining seated on the throne.
The servant then offered him four more seats, but each time, he kept his various items on the seats, refusing to budge from the throne. Finally, the annoyed servant kicked him off the throne.
An enraged Chanakya then vowed to uproot Nanda and his entire establishment, like "a great wind uproots a tree". So, he started searching for a person worthy of being a king. While wandering, he did a favour for the pregnant daughter of a village chief, on the condition that her child would belong to him. Chandragupta was born to this lady. When Chandragupta grew up, Chanakya came to his village and saw him playing "king" among a group of boys.
To test him, Chanakya asked him for a donation. The boy told Chanakya to take the cows nearby, declaring that nobody would disobey his order. This display of power convinced Chanakya that Chandragupta was the one worthy of being a king. He assembled an army using the wealth he had acquired through alchemy dhatuvada-visaradan. The army suffered a severe defeat, forcing Chanakya and Chandragupta to flee the battlefield. They reached a lake while being pursued by an enemy officer.
Chanakya asked Chandragupta to jump into the lake, and disguised himself as a meditating ascetic. Chanakya pointed at the lake.
As the soldier removed his armour to jump into the lake, Chanakya took his sword and killed him. When Chandragupta came out of the water, Chanakya asked him, "What went through your mind, when I disclosed your location to the enemy? This convinced Chanakya that Chandragupta would remain under his influence even after becoming the king. On another occasion, Chanakya similarly escaped the enemy by chasing away a washerman, and disguising himself as one.
Once, he cut open the belly of a Brahmin who had just eaten food, and took out the food to feed a hungry Chandragupta. The child had burnt his finger by putting it in the middle of a bowl of hot gruel.
The woman told her son that by not starting from the cooler edges, he was being foolish like Chanakya, who attacked the capital before conquering the bordering regions. Chanakya realized his mistake, and made a new plan to defeat Nanda. One particular town offered a strong resistance.
As soon as the superstitious defenders removed the idols from the temple, Chanakya ordered his army to end the siege. Finally, they captured Pataliputra and Chandragupta became the king. They allowed the king Nanda to go into exile, with all the goods he could take on a cart. As Nanda and his family were leaving the city on a cart, his daughter saw Chandragupta, and fell in love with the new king. She chose him as her husband by svayamvara tradition. Chanakya approved the marriage, and Parvataka collapsed when he touched the girl during the wedding.
Chanakya asked Chandragupta not to call a physician. Chanakya learned about a weaver who would burn any part of his house infested with cockroaches. Chanakya assigned the responsibility of crushing the rebels to this weaver. Soon, the kingdom was free of insurgents. Chanakya also burned a village that had refused him food in the past. He filled the royal treasury by inviting rich merchants to his home, getting them drunk and gambling with a loaded dice.
Chanakya sensed their presence by covering the palace floor with a powder, and tracing their footprints. Chanakya complained about the young monks behavior to the head monk Acharya Susthita. The Acharya blamed people for not being charitable towards monks, so Chanakya started giving generous alms to the monks. Chanakya decided to prove to him that these men were not worthy of his patronage. After seeing this, Chandragupta appointed the Jain monks as his spiritual counsellors. The king, unaware of this, once shared his food with Queen Durdhara.
Chanakya entered the room at the instant she died. The baby, who had been touched by a drop "bindu" of the poison, was named Bindusara. However, Subandhu wanted to become a higher minister and grew jealous of Chanakya. So, he told Bindusara that Chanakya was responsible for the death of his mother. Bindusara confirmed the allegations with the nurses, who told him that Chanakya had cut open the belly of his mother.
And enraged Bindusara started hating Chanakya. As a result, Chanakya, who had grown very old by this time, retired and decided to starve himself to death. Meanwhile, Bindusara came to know about the detailed circumstances of his birth, and implored Chanakya to resume his ministerial duties. After failing to pacify Chanakya, the emperor ordered Subandhu to convince Chanakya to give up his suicide plan.
Chanakya Neeti in English – Lessons Thoughts and Quotes
Similarly, the true character of a person is revealed at the time of intense trouble. His manners, voice, and actions will reveal a lot about him. A true warrior gives a little importance to his life. A woman after her periods and rivers gets purified after passing through rapids.
These books are currently out of copyright in India as per the Indian Copyright Act Please check copyright law within your country before downloading the books. In case of any issues send us an email. But Pataii. To an ordinary Sanskrit Pandit in India the phrase connotes no special significance.