A study was conducted at Vaniampara Rubber Estate Kerala, India to demonstrate the potential of Novcom composting method towards production of quality compost using coir-pith as raw material. Novcom coir pith compost was produced within a period of 21 days with one turning of the compost heap on 10th day. Physicochemical and fertility status of compost resembled the standard set by different international composting councils, while its total nitrogen 1. The high value of nitrogen might be due to intense biodegradation process, which lowered the potential for N loss and favorably influenced atmospheric- N fixation through naturally generated autotrophic micro flora within compost heap. The finding was corroborated by the high population of microbes to c. Maturity and phytotoxicity bioassay tests confirmed that Novcom coir pith compost was mature and free from phytotoxic effect.
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Posted on January 29, by Prince Titus 1. Can coir-pith be converted into compost? What is the method of converting raw coir pith into compost? What are the essential nutrients present in coir pith compost? The Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore India and the Coir Board, have developed for converting the coir pith into compost by using a fungus call Pleurotus sajor caju and urea.
For converting one tonne of coir pith into compost, 5 bottles of spawn culture and 5 kg of urea are required. Then 1 bottle g. Another layer of kg coir pith is spread over it and add 1 kg urea over the second layer. This process is repeated by adding the fungus spawn and urea alternatively with kg coir pith till heap reaches upto a height of one metre.
Keep the heap as such with constant watering and cover with a thin layer of coir waste to conserve moisture. After 30 days of decomposition, coir pith turns into a black mass of compost with reduced lignin, cellulose, organic carbon and C:N ratio. The volume of material is also reduced by 40 percent. In order to ensure moisture retention and protection from heavy rainfall and wind adequate shelter need to be provided to the heap.
The major nutrients present in the coir pith compost are: a. Nitrogen — 4.
Compost from farm-waste
Limitation in using composted coir pith 1. Coir compost The largest by products of coconut is coconut husk from which coir fibre is extracted. This extraction process generates a large quantity of dusty material called coir dust or coir pith. Large quantity of coir waste of about 7.