In he entered the seminary of Saint Sulpice to study to enter the Roman Catholic priesthood , but he fell in love and left in without being ordained. Contemporaries saw in him the most notorious "disciple" of Lamennais, although the two men do not seem to have established a personal contact. Like many socialists, he propagated socialism as "true Christianity" and denounced the Churches as corruptors of the teachings of Christ. In the course of the s, Constant developed close ties to the Fourierist movement, publishing in Fourierist publications and praising Fourierism as the "true Christianity". He also turned to the writings of the Catholic traditionalist Joseph de Maistre , whose writings were highly popular in socialist circles. In , he was the leader of an especially notorious Montagnard club known for its radicalism.
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The term gained notoriety during the trials of the Knights Templar in the 14th century, when the Templars were accused of, among other things, worshiping an idol called Baphomet. Many of the accusations against the Templars were clearly false. This caused many to assume this charge was likewise invented by a king trying to get rid of a rich Order to which he was indebted. Levi himself described the meaning of the symbol thusly in "Dogme et Rituel": "The goat on the frontispiece carries the sign of the pentagram on the forehead, with one point at the top, a symbol of light, his two hands forming the sign of hermetism, the one pointing up to the white moon of Chesed, the other pointing down to the black one of Geburah.
This sign expresses the perfect harmony of mercy with justice. His one arm is female, the other male like the ones of the androgyn of Khunrath, the attributes of which we had to unite with those of our goat because he is one and the same symbol. The flame of intelligence shining between his horns is the magic light of the universal balance, the image of the soul elevated above matter, as the flame, whilst being tied to matter, shines above it.
The rod standing instead of genitals symbolizes eternal life, the body covered with scales the water, the semi-circle above it the atmosphere, the feathers following above the volatile. Humanity is represented by the two breasts and the androgyn arms of this sphinx of the occult sciences.
Chesed and Geburah, are two Sephirot on the Kabbalistic Tree of Life, which maps out aspects of existence. They are on opposite sides of the tree, which are commonly understood to be male and female, severity and mercy. Chesed represents kindness and love, while Geburah represents power, strength, and judgment. These translate to dissolve and coagulate, which are opposing alchemical processes.
Multiple physical examples of Baphomet being both male and female e. The caduceus-like image replacing the phallus, in which the two snakes frequently represent male and female. Elemental Forces Baphomet also represents the unity of the four Platonic elements: earth, water, air, and fire. Fertility and Life The choice of goat-like features for Baphomet comes from several connections between goats and fertility.
Levi himself called the figure Baphomet of Mendes, comparing him to a what he believed was a goat-headed Egyptian god honored for fertility purposes. Pan , a Greek god with goat features, was likewise commonly associated with fertility in the 19th-century. Certainly, the phallic emphasis can only encourage notions of fertility.
Levi describes Baphomet as the sphinx of the occult sciences. They originated in Egypt, where they were probably connected with guardianship, among other things.
Dogme et rituel de la haute magie
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