He reminded his audience of the medical realities of the early Renaissance: Alchemy was still considered credible; bloodletting was a well-accepted cure; and barbers performed most surgical operations. Jaques pronounced "Jacks" is still right. If Dr. Jaques left it at that, he would probably have a very successful, conventional career as a management pundit. But he insists that he and he alone has that testable theory of management; and when he describes it, his audience immediately divides into those who love him and those who hate him. One could argue that this year-old, Canadian-born, psychoanalytically trained visiting professor at George Washington University, with a year-long career, an book body of work, and the mien of a character in Arsenic and Old Lace, is the most controversial management consultant in the world.
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Presented as archival content. Learn more. Unlike most articles on Britannica. Rather, they are presented on the site as archival content, intended for historical reference only. Elliott Jaques, Canadian-born psychologist and social analyst born Jan. In he began an association with Glacier Metal, where he developed his theory of time frames and requisite organization.
He believed that different individuals were capable of carrying out tasks in a variety of time frames and that organizations should be arranged hierarchically on the basis of these time-frame capabilities—that is, employees who were capable of carrying out the long-range tasks should be at the top of the hierarchy.
In that same year he became head of the social sciences department of Brunel University, Uxbridge, Eng. Jaques worked with an Australian mining company, a number of government organizations, the Church of England , and the U. He was the author of more than 20 books, among them The General Theory of Bureaucracy and Requisite Organization Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.
Requisite Organization As cited earlier, the genesis of our principles is the research and findings of Dr. Elliott Jaques. Over a fifty-year period of research and publishing, Dr. Jaques developed what is known as Requisite Organization Theory — an all-encompassing systems theory focused on designing, staffing, and managing work in organizations. Over the past decade, we have tailored many of the concepts of Requisite Organization to reflect findings from our own research and studies. Why Requisite Organization Theory Why principles based on Requisite Organization Theory rather than one of the many other empirically based theories and models. Large organizations are pejoratively referred to as bureaucracies; we prefer the words hierarchal organizations.
A hierarchy required by nature
D in social relations from Harvard University , and qualification as psychoanalyst at the British Psychoanalytical Society. She highly appreciated his help in preparation for the publication of her book, "Narrative of a Child Analysis" Jaques also helped Klein to edit the manuscript of "Envy and Gratitude" , evidence suggests that it was Jaques who suggested that the word "gratitude" should be included in the title of the book. He was a founding member, in , of the Tavistock Institute of Human Relations. Jaques moved from London to Gloucester, Massachusetts in He became a research professor at George Washington University.
Presented as archival content. Learn more. Unlike most articles on Britannica. Rather, they are presented on the site as archival content, intended for historical reference only.