Liver function tests may show evidence of hepatic inflammation and low serum albumin levels. Echocardiogram may show subtle coronary artery changes or, later, true aneurysms. Ultrasound or computerized tomography may show hydrops enlargement of the gallbladder. Urinalysis may show white blood cells and protein in the urine pyuria and proteinuria without evidence of bacterial growth.
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Kawasaki Disease Kawasaki Disease Kawaskai disease is a rare but serious illness affecting young children. The most striking feature is a high fever that comes and goes for at least 5 days. If you think your child might have Kawasaki disease you should take them to your doctor straightaway. Kawasaki disease is a rare but serious illness. It usually affects younger children under the age of 5 years.
If left untreated, about 1 in 5 children with Kawasaki disease will suffer damage to their heart. It can also cause damage to other parts of the body. What causes Kawasaki disease? The cause of Kawasaki disease is unknown. It is more common in Japan than most other countries. One theory is that a common virus or other common infection causes an over-reaction in the infection-fighting immune system of some children.
How long could Kawasaki disease last? If Kawasaki disease is not treated, it can last for 10 days or more. If the disease affects the heart, then the damage can be permanent. What puts my child at risk of getting Kawasaki disease? Children of Asian and Pacific Island descent are at greater risk. Most children who get Kawasaki disease are under the age of 5 years. What are the signs and symptoms of Kawasaki disease? The most striking feature of Kawasaki disease is a high fever that comes and goes for at least 5 days.
Children are usually very irritable and easily upset. When should I seek help for Kawasaki disease? There is no single test that can diagnose Kawasaki disease. Your doctor will consider other possible illnesses as well. The diagnosis can be difficult to make. Kawasaki disease is usually diagnosed if your child has a fever for at least 5 days and at least 4 of the symptoms listed above. Babies with Kawasaki disease may not have as many of the symptoms as older children.
The symptoms may not all be present at the same time. Blood tests may help make the diagnosis. Once diagnosed with Kawasaki disease, your child will need an ultrasound scan of the heart an echocardiogram to check whether the disease has affected their heart.
This is a safe and painless scan. It is similar to the ultrasound scan women have when pregnant. What treatments are available for Kawasaki disease? If your child is diagnosed with Kawasaki disease, there is special treatment available.
It is called immunoglobulin. This is a blood product made of concentrated antibodies from donated blood. Your child will receive it through a vein intravenously. Immunoglobulin is very effective at reducing the risk of heart damage. It works best when given within 10 days of the start of the illness. With treatment within 10 days, immunoglobulin reduces the chance of heart damage to 1 in Without treatment the chance of heart damage is about 1 in 5.
Your child will keep taking aspirin at least until the ultrasound scan of the heart. Aspirin may increase the risk of Reye syndrome a rare and serious illness linked to aspirin use in children with fever.
See your doctor immediately if your child develops a fever while on aspirin. How can Kawasaki disease be prevented? There is no way to prevent Kawasaki disease. Appropriate treatment given early enough in the illness will help prevent complications.
Are there likely to be any complications from Kawasaki disease? The major complication of Kawasaki disease is heart damage. The most common type of heart damage is caused by irritation or inflammation of the vessels that carry blood to the muscle of the heart.
The treatment described above works by reducing the inflammation and preventing the damage. There are other complicated treatments available for children with severe damage. Free parenting advice.
Kawasaki Disease (KD)
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