Pankaj Kumari, Vol. II, Issue. Pankaj Kumari is awarded with the degree of Ph. Ambedkar University, Agra under the supervision of Dr. Beena Agarwal, Associate Professor, D.

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We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Introduction:- Final Solutions has taken the issues of the majority communities in different contexts and situations. And how Muslims like Javed suffer in the set up of the majority Hindu community. This all resulted in communal riots and culminated in disruption of the normal social life, and thus hampered the progress of the nation.

The mob in the play is symbolic of our own hatred and paranoia. The best essay writers are ready to impress your teacher. Make an order now! Proceed Each member of the mob is an individual, yet they meet into one seething whole as the politicians play on their fears.

In this play, the chorus continuously sings sometimes under the mask of Hindus and sometimes under that of Muslims revealing their feelings of fear and hatred for one another. They broke our Chariot and felled our Gods! This is our land! How dare they? They beat us up! We are few! But we are strong! The mob is in the form of a chorus, changing its guise into Muslims and Hindus through masks and songs. Inside, a Hindu family is sharply divided over giving shelter to the unknown Muslim youths in the midst of communal frenzy and violence.

Even after fifty years of Independence, people have not been able to forget their enemity and bias against each other, i. Muslims against Hindus and Hindu against Muslims. Final Solutions is based on the apparently friendly relations between Muslims and Hindus and the simmering currents of hatred beneath. The family unit comprises members of different age groups, symbolic of past and present, stretching the plot to over a period of half a century.

Major events are presented through her eyes. He is trained for the terrorist activities and sabotaging. However upstage perhaps as an elevation a detailed kitchen and a Pooja room. When the curtain rises, we find Daksha, the newlywed bride, going through her diary dated March 31, Considering her diary as her sole friend in the new environment of her in-laws, she is sharing her secrets, experiences and views with her diary.

The diary begins with the shattered dreams of a young girl who wanted to be a singer like Noor Jahan, but who has been married and confined to four walls of her in-laws house. This suggests how most of us have to live a life of unfulfilled desires. This is a very lengthy monologue of Daksha but is written in the style of a spoken dialogue.

She is narrating the horrible incidents of the Partition, which are still haunting her mind even after one year. He said he was happy we were rid of the Britishers… He said before leaving they had let loose the dogs. And I wrote. A dozen pages before. A dozen pages now. There seems to be no change even after so much education and development. It is sad that over after fifty years of Independence, the same things are happening; the whole story is presented in a series of scenes and memories, dialogues, images and sudden shifts in time.

She is terrorized when she finds two Muslims boys in her house. She does not like her son Ramnik giving them shelter from the mob outside.

When she is alone with the boys, she asks them to leave India and go to Pakistan for good, as she still doubts the commitment of Muslims to the nation. Hardika : Have you ever thought of going to Pakistan? Bobby : No Hardika : Why not? Javed: I prefer Dubai Hardika : There you can live the way you want without blaming other people for your failure like we did many years ago. Her problems have no meaning for Bobby and Javed and their problems have no meaning for her.

Hardika and Javed are easily excited and are kept in dark about the reality of the things. Their experiences are their own. Hardika and Javed both have the bitter tastes of the minority community. Javed explains to Ramnik his reasons for involving himself in Terrorism and acts of sabotage on the Hindu procession Rath Yatra. Anyone sitting at home, sipping tea and reading the newspaper will say that it is obvious that a minority would never start a riot, we are too afraid that it had to be politically motivated.

The selfish and petty politicians still play with the emotions of the young people like Javed and Babban, instigate them to create violence and use them for their own ends. Dattani has conveyed the same message in Final Solutions, where Bobby and Javed long to be amongst the majority section of the society. Javed: Being in the majority Ramnik : Yes, I never thought of it.

Javed: After feeling good you are in the majority? Ramnik : No, about being the majority. Being disillusioned. Am I so unique? Now that I am alone… I hate myself. It was different when I used to attend the meetings. I was swayed by what now appears to me as cheap sentiment. Someone at first put a stone in his hand and then a knife. Javed hit the procession hard. Screaming with pleasure, Javed, in the Carnival, moves on the giant wheel. But soon his joy ride is over as the pujari looked at the knife in his hand, begs him for mercy.

His frenzy is over and he wishes to be a normal human being. He is not able to kill the pujari. Is there nothing left that is sacred in this world. But if we understand and believe in one another nothing can be destroyed… And if you are willing to forget. Through dialogues and reflections like these, Dattani makes a strong plea for humanism, love and understanding.

She is content with whatever her mother has taught her at home, she follows her directions and obeys her by performing all the rituals, till she meets Bobby, a Muslim boy and for a short while, falls in love with him.

When she comes to know that Bobby is engaged to Tasneem, she is disappointed, her own experience forces her to introspect and question the rituals she has been blindly performing.

We have nothing against you. It is only that we have our own customs and … we are equal… All religion is one. Only the ways to God are many. She feels elated in saying so in the presence of two Muslim boys because she is having an inferiority complex. Here, her religious education seems to be shallow because she has not been advised on the necessity of the rituals. On the other hand, Bobby is so impressed with the fact that Smita enjoys more freedom with her mother than he does.

And through this discourse, comes to light the hard facts of their lives. In the end, he praises the boys for their courage in fighting and questioning things. Bobby has changed his name to Bobby from Babban simply because he does not like to expose his identity as a minority member. Ramnik, who seems to be quite liberal, intelligent and understanding stands exposed for his hypocrisy in the end.

Ramnik knows it very well that his father and his grandfather had burnt the shops of their Muslim friends. He suffers from the complex and is willing to compensate by offering them jobs. He praises Bobby for helping Javed, in doing away with his false pride and faith in his religion. Ramnik tells Bobby. Not everyone can get off. No one in the house is familiar with this truth. The question raised by the young Muslim boys forces Ramnik to confess and lose his mind. For me there is no getting off.

No escape. It is their shop. It is the same burnt shop we bought from them, at half its value. And we burnt it. You husband.

My father. And his father. His agony is with him only since he does not want his wife, Aruna, to suffer from the agony of this sin. That is why Aruna is busy with her daily rituals as usual, even after a fight with Smita over the rituals. She is shocked by the rude behavior of her daughter who is not willing to change her ways. She is very proud of her ancestral past and Ramnik does not want to shelter it.

It is a tragedy that people like Javed who once fall victim to terrorism cannot lead a normal life.


Final Solutions And Other Plays

Her research area covers the plays of Mahesh Dattani and Vijay Tendulkar. She is specialized in Indian writing in English. The psychosis that prevails among the Hindus as well as Muslims in India, after the event of the partition of the country, cause a chain of neurotic reactions to even the most inconsequential of happenings. The play moves from the partition to the present day communal riots; probes into the religious bigotry by examining the attitudes of three generations of a middle-class Gujrati business family, Hardika the grandmother, Ramnik her son and Sumita her granddaughter.


Final Solutions Summary by Mahesh Dattani

In the diary, she writes about her experience in her new house. She is not of good opinions regarding her in-laws. Though India had gained independence, yet she is imprisoned within the four walls of the house. She has a good taste for the songs of Shamshad Begum, Noor Jahan etc. She even wanted to become a singer like them but due to the family restrictions, her desires remain unfulfilled.


Final Solution by Mahesh Dattani

Final Solutions is based on communal war or conflict between two ethnic group Hindu and Muslim whereas Shaw through Arms and the Man exposes the reality of war and love. The theme of gender discrimination and racial difference runs parallel to the main theme in both the plays. Female characters plays vital role in both the plays. In Final Solutions sensibility and consciousness of three generations of women is expressed through Hardika, Aruna and Smita and Arms and the Manexposes the hollowness of love and war through Raina, Louka and Catherine Petkoff.

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