When cross-fertilised through the pen of Oswald de Andrade, these influences gained a new life through the amalgamation under the banner of an unprecedented concept rooted in the history of Brazilian civilisation: Anthropophagy or Cannibalism. As the pinnacle of the first phase of Modernism that was officially inaugurated by Semana de Arte Moderna [Modern Art Week], the Cannibalist stage highlighted the violent contradiction between two cultures, the primitive Amerindian and African and the Latin of a European cultural heritage , which form the basis of Brazilian culture through the transformation of the savage element into an aggressive tool. This is no longer a process of harmonious and spontaneous assimilation between two poles, which the author had previously, to a certain extent, called for in his Manifesto da Poesia Pau-Brasil [Manifesto of Brazil Wood Poetry] of Law of Man.

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Nenhum Brasil existe. To this end, the organizers of Anthropophagy Today! We believe that the discourses about identity are essentially useless, because they are inevitably tautological.

The present issue sees Oswaldian anthropophagy as a problem. Thus, the measure of their value cannot reside in the monotonous recipe for national identity, i. On the contrary, the strategy of the majority of Latin American intellectuals, who always take pains to underline the typical Latin American characteristics of this or that discourse, simply reinforces the interests which they believe are being contradicted.

Indeed, theirs is an illusive argument against what they believe are the decision-making centers. In this way, they ensure for themselves a niche in the market within the emerging globalized world of academic knowledge, a world which blossoms in conferences whose papers remain unnoticed and in journals which never go beyond the modest circle of Latin Americanists. However, the practical advantages of this market niche for Latin American "products" are embarrassingly mediocre. Furthermore, by adopting such a limiting attitude, Latin Americanists waste the unique intellectual opportunity of discussing themes and articulating theories which go beyond their frontiers.

We must not allow ourselves to be self-indulgent. Otherwise, it is no more than an episodic text, which offers yet another answer to the false problem of national identity, rather than posing worthwhile questions. This is an illusive problem, because within this scenario, identity, understood as essence, is never regarded as problematic. It remains, at the most, temporarily hidden, awaiting for interpreters who will unveil the true identity of the "Nation".

Last but not least, writer Ana Miranda has generously offered us "Jantar", a fascinating text which acts as a preface to all sections. The anthropophagous obsession The celebrations of the years of the invention of Brazil have given rise to a series of events in which anthropophagy is the main focal point. The If you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution or have your own login and password to Project MUSE.


Manifesto Antropófago, de Oswald de Andrade

Sola legge del mondo. Espressione mascherata di tutti gli individualismi, di tutti i collettivismi. Di tutte le religioni. Di tutti i trattati di pace. Tupy or not tupy, that is the question. Contro tutte le catechesi. E contro la madre dei Gracchi.


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