Midrash Esther , on Esther CE. The Pesikta, a compilation of homilies on special Pentateuchal and Prophetic lessons early 8th century , in two versions: Pesikta de-Rav Kahana Pirqe Rabbi Eliezer not before 8th century , a midrashic narrative of the more important events of the Pentateuch. Tanchuma or Yelammedenu 9th century on the whole Pentateuch; its homilies often consist of a halakhic introduction, followed by several poems, exposition of the opening verses, and the Messianic conclusion. There are actually a number of different Midrash Tanhuma collections. The two most important are Midrash Tanhuma Ha Nidpas , literally the published text.
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Contents[ edit ] Leviticus Rabbah is not a continuous, explanatory interpretation to Leviticus, but a collection of exclusive sermons or lectures on the themes or texts of that book. It consists altogether of 37 such homilies, each of which constitutes a separate chapter. Leviticus Rabbah often refers to Scriptural passages on which the homilies are based as "parshiyot," and are further designated according to their contents.
Of the 37 homilies, eight 1, 3, 8, 11, 13, 20, 26, 30 are introduced with the formula "Patach R. Thus, the redactor of Leviticus Rabbah collected homiletic expositions also of such texts as were treated in the Sifra.
The conjecture of Theodor that in the older cycle of weekly lessons the passages on which the homilies of Leviticus Rabbah were based consisted in certain paragraphs, or in lessons for certain festivals, seems therefore to be correct.
Comparison to the Pesikta[ edit ] In its plan, as well as in the form of the several chapters, Leviticus Rabbah bears great resemblance to the Pesikta de-Rav Kahana. Like the lectures in the Pesikta, the homilies in Leviticus Rabbah begin with a larger or smaller number of poems on passages mostly taken from the Writings.
Then follows the exposition proper of the passage to which the homily refers. The explanation often covers only a few verses, or even a few words of the first verse, of the passage on which the parashah is based.
Inasmuch, however, as the homilies in Leviticus Rabbah deal largely with topics beyond the subject matter of the Biblical text itself, the explanations of the individual verses are often replaced by series of homiletic quotations that refer to the theme considered in the homily. And while the Pesikta rarely quotes lengthy homiletic excerpts after the proems , Leviticus Rabbah quotes such materials after the conclusion of a proem, in the course of each chapter, and even toward the end of a chapter.
These excerpts often have minimal relation to the context. But otherwise, Leviticus Rabbah carefully follows the form of the Pesikta. The end of each chapter in Leviticus Rabbah, like the Pesikta, consists of a passage containing a Messianic prophecy.
Midrash Tanchuma Vayikra – The soul: innocent bystander or a partner in crime?
Ecclesiastes Rabbah The designation "Rabbah" was first applied to the midrash to Genesis , and then applied to the midrashim to the other books of the Pentateuch Vayikra Rabbah , Shemot Rabbah , etc. This collection eventually came to be called "Midrash Rabbot" i. The editio princeps of the midrashim to the Pentateuch Constantinople, begins with the words "Be-shem El atchil Bereshit Rabba" In the name of God I shall begin Bereshit Rabbah , and the title of the editio princeps of the midrashim to the megillot Pesaro, reads "Midrash Hamesh Megillot" Midrash of the Five Megillot. Still more inexact and misleading is the term "Midrash Rabbah to the Five Books of the Pentateuch and the Five Megillot," as found on the title-page of the two parts in the much-used Vilna edition. After Zunz , it is not necessary to point out that the Midrash Rabbah consists of 10 entirely different midrashim.
The opinions, facts and any media content in them are presented solely by the authors, and neither The Times of Israel nor its partners assume any responsibility for them. Please contact us in case of abuse. Apparently not. The Midrash brings 2 parables which tell a very different story. Body and soul. Country bumpkin and Palace insider. The first story is about two people who committed the very same crime in the royal palace.